|6 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
We have insurance policies covering workers’ compensation claims in states where we perform services. Estimated accrued liabilities are based on our historical loss experience and the ratio of claims paid to our historical pay-out profiles. Charges for estimated workers’ compensation related losses incurred and included in cost of sales were $292,467 and $517,404 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $780,644 and $1,243,822 for the six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
The nature of our business also subjects us to claims or litigation alleging that we are liable for damages as a result of the conduct of our employees or others. We insure against such claims and suits through general liability policies with third-party insurance companies.
Our insurance coverage limits are currently $1.0 million per occurrence for non-aviation related business (with additional first and second layer excess liability policies of $5.0 million and $10.0 million, respectively) and $30.0 million per occurrence for aviation related business. We retain the risk for the first $25,000 of general liability non-aviation related operations. The aviation related deductible is $5,000 per occurrence, with the exception of $50,000 for airport wheelchair and electric cart operations, $25,000 for damage to aircraft and $100,000 for skycap operations. Estimated accrued liabilities are based on specific reserves in connection with existing claims as determined by third party risk management consultants and actuarial factors and the timing of reported claims. These are all factored into estimated losses incurred but not yet reported to us.
Cumulative amounts estimated to be payable by us with respect to pending and potential claims for all years in which we are liable under our general liability retention and workers’ compensation policies have been accrued as liabilities. Such accrued liabilities are necessarily based on estimates; accordingly, our ultimate liability may exceed or be less than the amounts accrued. The methods of making such estimates and establishing the resultant accrued liability are reviewed continually and any adjustments resulting therefrom are reflected in our current results of operations.
Workers’ compensation annual costs are comprised of premiums as well as incurred losses as determined at the end of the coverage period, subject to minimum and maximum amounts. Workers’ compensation insurance claims and reserves include accruals of estimated settlements for known claims, as well as accruals of estimates for claims incurred but not yet reported. In estimating these accruals, we consider historical loss experience and make judgments about the expected levels of costs per claim. We believe our estimates of future liability are reasonable based upon our methodology; however, changes in health care costs, accident frequency and severity and other factors could materially affect these estimates. The Company continually monitors changes in claim type and incident and evaluates the workers’ compensation insurance accrual, making necessary adjustments based on the evaluation of these qualitative data points.
The entire disclosure for the types of coverages and products sold, and the assets, obligations, recorded liabilities, revenues and expenses arising therefrom, and the amounts of and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts of such items.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef